Under the Government of India’s Sagarmala Programme to promote port-led development, a master plan has been formulated for the 12 Major Ports.
142 port capacity expansion projects with an estimated cost of Rs 91,434 crore and capacity creation of 884 MMTPA have been identified in this master plan for implementation over the next 20 years. Out of these, 58 projects with cost of approximately Rs 28,767 crore have been approved.
In 2015, an international benchmarking consultant conducted a study of the major ports which recommended 116 initiatives to enhance their efficiency and productivity to international benchmarks and unlock their capacity. Of the 116 initiatives, 85 initiatives have already been implemented.