Lenders dumped shares of Anil Ambani group companies they held as collateral after their market value plummeted about Rs 12,600 crore ($1.8 billion) this month, adding to the litany of woes plaguing the Indian billionaire. Creditors sold a total 5.5 billion shares in four companies -- Reliance Power, Reliance Infrastructure, Reliance Communications and Reliance Capital -- leading to a 3-to-8 percentage-point reduction in founders’ stakes in these firms, according to filings. The fragile investor sentiment for the Anil Ambani group was dealt another blow after its wireless unit, Reliance Communications, said last Friday it plans to file for bankruptcy. The selloff spread to other group firms, eroding the value of the shares pledged as collateral.
IDBI Trusteeship Services, which held Reliance Power shares, said it sold the assets as the borrowers “defaulted on the terms”. Reliance Communications has seen its market value drop by more than half this week while shares of Reliance Power and Reliance Infrastructure have crashed almost 60 per cent each. Reliance Capital has tumbled 34 per cent. The share pledge problem has also engulfed other Indian companies. Media tycoon Subhash Chandra’s Essel Group signed a pact with its lenders that protects the group’s borrowings against shares from being counted as default until September 30, even if their value erodes. The accord followed the 27 per cent slump in the flagship Zee Entertainment Enterprises on January 25.